Title page
Only a concise and informative title should be included.

The abstract should not exceed 350 words and should be structured with a background, main body of the abstract and short conclusion. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

4 to 7 keywords should be provided in the article.

The Background section should explain the background to the article, its aims, a summary of a search of the existing literature and the issue under discussion.

Main text 
The text should be single-spaced; uses a 12-point font following Article Template. 

All figures should be cited in the text and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. The preferred formats for figures are PNG and JPEG. All figures should be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. 

All tables should be cited in the text and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. All tables should be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

This should state clearly the main conclusions and include an explanation of their relevance or importance to the field.

List of abbreviations
If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use.

URLs: All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript. They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, as well as the date the site was accessed.

The list of references should be in alphabet order and only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. The APA system of referencing should be used. The list must also contain new references on the topic of the manuscript. 

General formatting information
Manuscripts must be written in concise English. For help on scientific writing, or preparing your manuscript in English, please contact editorial office.

File formats
Microsoft Word (DOC, DOCX) file formats are acceptable for the main manuscript document:

Please note: editable files are required for processing in production. If your manuscript contains any non-editable files (such as PDFs) you will be required to re-submit an editable file if your manuscript is accepted.

Style and language
For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:

  • Getting a fast, free online grammar check.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Asking a colleague who is proficient in English to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. 

Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in UNEC Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.